The Hormonal Seed Priming in Relation to Carrot Germination

  • Filza Ghafoor University of agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Sana Liaqat university of agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Waseem Iqbal university of agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Keywords: Plant stress, carrot germination, hormones

Abstract

Seed priming is a pre-sowing treatment used to reduce stress effects in crops .This technique has been used to increase the germination rate of seeds mainly under unfavorable environmental condition. Crop productivity faces many problems like that unavailability of suitable condition that causes unbalanced seedling growth and poor germination. Hormones are essential to improve plant growth, development, crop yield quality and quantity. Auxin is essential hormones that improves germination of seeds and reduce stress effects. Laboratory experiment was conducted to study the effect of seed priming using different concentrations of IAA and IBA on carrot seeds (Daucus carota). In laboratory experiment, three concentrations of IAA and IBA (75 ppm, 50ppm, 25ppm) treated with distilled water with priming duration of 24 hours. Experiment was laid out in CRD with three replications. Data was collected to investigate the effect of seed priming with IAA and IBA under these condition like that (fresh weight, dry weight, speed of germination, root length, seed length, seedling length, final germination rate, mean germination time and dry matter content). Maximum fresh weight, final germination percentage, seedling length, energy of germination, speed of germination and mean germination rate was recorded IBA 75ppm. Maximum dry weight and dry matter content was observed IBA 25ppm.Maximum shoot length was recorded IBA 50ppm. Non-significant difference was recorded in root length.

References

Afrigan, A., Javdani, Z., Jahantab, E., Jahanbin, R., & Bahari, A. A. (2013). The effect of plant hormone gibberellic acid on germination indices Secale montanum in vitro and pot experiments under drought conditions. Annals of Biological Research, 4(6), 1-9.

Afzal, I., Basra, S. M., Farooq, M., & Nawaz, A. (2006). Alleviation of salinity stress in spring wheat by hormonal priming with ABA, salicylic acid and ascorbic acid. Int. J. Agric. Biol, 8(1), 23-28.

Armin, M., Asgharipour, M., & Razavi-Omrani, M. (2010). The effect of seed priming on germination and seedling growth of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). Advances in Environmental Biology, 4(3), 501-505.

Eisvand, H. R., Shahrosvand, S., Zahedi, B., Heidari, S., & Afrougheh, S. (2011). Effects of hydro‚Äźpriming and hormonal priming by gibberellin and salicylic acid on seed and seedling quality of carrot (Daucus carota var. sativus).

Gorgich, M., Mata, T. M., Martins, A., Caetano, N. S., & Formigo, N. (2020). Application of domestic greywater for irrigating agricultural products: A brief study. Energy Reports, 6, 811-817.

Jima, D. U. G. A., Dechassa, N., & Dessalegne, L. (2015). Effect of Seed Priming with Potassium Nitrate on Bulb Yield and Seed Quality of Onion (Allium Cepa L.), under Rift Valley Conditions, Central Ethiopia. International Journal of Crop Science and Technology, 1(2), 1-12.

Khan, H. S., Chaudhry, K. M., Ashraf, I., Usman, M., Ejaz, R., & Khadaim, M. M. (2020). An investigation of the problems faced by vegetable growers regarding post-harvest practices in district Faisalabad. Biol. Clin. Sci. Res. J, 2020, e015

Liaqat, S., Masroor, A., Maqsood, Z., & Tasleem, W. (2020). Effect of Glycine Betaine as a Growth Promoter and Stress Mitigator in Brassica oleraceavar. Italica. Journal La Lifesci, 1(4), 31-35.

Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Ghafoor, F., Liaqat, S., & Iqbal, W. (2020). The Hormonal Seed Priming in Relation to Carrot Germination. Journal La Lifesci, 1(6), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i6.261