Journal La Lifesci 2024-06-29T07:25:18+07:00 Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto Open Journal Systems <p>International <strong>Journal La </strong><strong>Lifesci</strong>&nbsp; ISSN 2721-1207 (online) and ISSN 2721-1304 (Print) includes all the areas of research activities in all fields of Life Sciences such as Agricultural, Fisheries, Earth, Environmental Science, Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Ecology, Ethnobiology, Biodiversity And Conservation Biology, Genetics, Biochemistry , Bioinformatics, Biophysics, Biostatistics, Cytobiology Developmental Biology, Entomology, Immunology , Molecular Biology, Virology, agronomy, plant and animal breeding, agricultural economics and rural sociology,&nbsp; Veterinary science, Ornithology, Primatology, Biogeography, Histology, Marine biology, Biochemical Sciences Aquaculture, Fishery Hydrography, Fishery Engineering, Aquatic ecosystem, Fish farming, Fisheries management, Fishery Biology, Wild fisheries, Ocean fisheries, and all fields related to life sciences.</p> Assessment of Farm-Level Practices of Disease and Pest Management in the Banana Zone of Nawalparasi West district, Nepal 2024-06-29T07:25:18+07:00 Sudip Ghimire Anmol Regmi <p><em>Banana (Musa paradisiaca) is a vital fruit crop in Nepal, especially in the Nawalparasi West district, where it can produce and generate income. However, banana farming faces many problems such as diseases and pests that reduce crop yield and quality. This research aimed to assess the state of pest control techniques and banana diseases, providing insights and recommendations for their improvement. A total of 125 banana farmers were selected and the data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel and the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The findings revealed that the banana leaf and fruit scarring beetle emerged as a particularly troublesome pest (severity index: 0.93), closely followed by the banana aphid (0.67), banana stem weevil (0.51), mealy bug (0.46), and banana rhizome stem borer (0.34). Similarly, diseases such as sigatoka leaf spot exhibited the highest severity (0.76), followed by anthracnose (0.59), bunchy top virus (0.52), bacterial wilt (0.51), and panama wilt (0.43). All participants employed diverse pest management practices, including mechanical, cultural, biological, and chemical methods. Notably, 82.4% utilized fungicides and 100% employed cultural methods, with no adoption of biological approaches. In pest management, 31.2% employed mechanical/physical methods, 95% embraced cultural methods, and all the respondents used pesticides. Positive and significant relationships were identified between respondents' education level, training, farming experience, contact with extension agents, and adoption of disease and pest management practices in banana cultivation.</em></p> 2024-06-27T14:59:11+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal La Lifesci Success Rate of Frozen Embryo Transfer through Assisted Hatching Laser Method and Tyrode Acid Chemical Method in Day 3 and 5 Embryos 2024-06-28T07:27:10+07:00 Prastuti Dwi Hartini Lucy Lisa Harini Nurcahya Frizar Irmansyah Deka Putri Gunarwati <p><em>The aim of this research was to produce Streptomyces-extracellular Repeated implantation failures in IVF, aging in women and vitrification at low temperatures cause the embryonic zona pellucida to harden.Technique assisted hatching (AH) laser and chemical methods of tyrode acid can help the process hatching in embryos in improving implantation. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between pregnancy success through AH laser method and chemical method of tyrode acid at the embryonic stage day to-3 (D3) and day to-5 (D5) on Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET). The study used a retrospective cohort with a population of 95 patients using AH laser method and 36 patients with tyrode acid chemistry. The results showed the incidence of pregnancy in laser treatment in 27 patients (28.4%) and 14 patients (38.9%) in chemical treatment. Data analyzed by statistical tests Chi-square with a 95% confidence degree and a p&lt; value of 0.05. Exist The relationship between the incidence of pregnancy FET D3 and FET D5 laser treatment, but in chemical treatment no significant difference was found. Logistic regression modeling tests show the chemical method FET D5 has a greater chance of pregnancy of 0.277 than FET D3, will but insignificant with a p-value of &gt;0.05, while the FET D5 laser stage method has a chance of 0.143 significantly higher than FET D3 with a p-value of &lt;0.05.</em></p> 2024-06-27T15:12:13+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal La Lifesci Assess the Opinions of Nurses in Hospitals in the Al-Diwaniah Governorate on the Most Common Drug Errors and the Factors that Lead to Them 2024-06-28T07:26:45+07:00 Haidar Jabbar Kareem Wasen Abdul‑Ameer Ali Fareed Dhyaa Shinyar Hamed <p><em>This study aims to investigate nurses' perspectives on medication errors and the factors that lead to them. A total of 355 nurses from three general hospitals and a private facility in Aldiwaniah City participated in this descriptive cross-sectional research. We created a five-part self-administered questionnaire based on previously published research and gave it to the nurses throughout their shifts. We contacted 355 nurses, and 352 of them completed the questionnaire. The data analysis employed descriptive statistics. According to the study's results, giving medication at the wrong time was the most common type of medication mistake, scoring 2.5±1.02. Errors with a lower severity were less common. 64% of nurses did not report prescription mistakes, but 44.6 percent did so orally, and 56.8% did so in the form of an event report. The most frequent obstacle to reporting was a misunderstanding of what defines a drug error, indicating a substantial discrepancy between their perception and knowledge. Common medication errors (MEs) that nurses describe include administering medication to the incorrect patient at the wrong time, delivering IV medication at the incorrect speed, and forgetting to add a dosage. Both environmental factors (frequent visits) and personal factors (stress and fatigue) contribute to these errors. There is a statistically significant correlation between the incorrect time and characteristics such as ward, hospital type, age, gender, and educational attainment. There is a strong correlation between systemic problems and incorrect time errors.</em></p> 2024-06-27T16:43:59+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal La Lifesci Article Review: Skin Diseases in Dromedary Camels 2024-06-28T07:26:20+07:00 Hasanain A.J. Gharban <p><em>The dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) is a significant livestock species in several nations located in desert and semi-arid regions of Asia, Northern and Eastern Africa, South America, and the high highlands of the Andes. In Iraq, the FAO figures of 2014 indicate that there are around 65,000 camels, all of which belong to the species Camelus dromedarius and have a single hump. Camels are the primary source of sustenance for all Bedouin clans and villages in various ecological zones in Iraq. This dependence involves the usage of camel milk, meat, leather, and wool. Furthermore, camels have been used as beasts of burden, means of transportation, and mounts. Camels, typically grown in their native desert environment, experience significant stress due to the prolonged dry season. This stress makes them vulnerable to many illnesses and health issues. Historically, owing to little research on camel ailments, doctors believed that camels were immune to many disease-causing causes. Scientific evidence has shown that camels, like other livestock or maybe even more so, are vulnerable to the same disease-causing viruses that impact other animal species. Camels often suffer from illnesses that are challenging to manage because to their non-specific symptoms and similarity to diseases seen in other ruminant animals. Additionally, camels have some resistance to some infections. This research attempts to provide a concise description of the most frequently seen skin disorders in dromedary camels in Iraq.</em></p> 2024-06-27T16:56:29+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal La Lifesci Role of Plant Density on Vegetative Growth and Yield of Four Faba Bean Cultivars 2024-06-28T07:25:54+07:00 Amer Abdullah Hussein Al-Jubouri <p><em>The study was conducted in the vegetable field of the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, College of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Mosul, during the agricultural season 2018-2019 to study the effect of plant density on the vegetative growth characteristics and yield of four bean varieties, that is, by two factors: plant density (8 plants / m2 and 12 plants / m2) and cultivars. (Local, Spanish, French, Dutch) within the (RCBD) design with three replications, as the number of transactions in the experiment was (8) . The plant density of 8 plants/m2 showed its superiority in most of the characteristics of vegetative growth and yield, except for the two characteristics of plant height and pod weight, where it was superior under the plant density of 12 plants/m2. The local cultivar excelled in most of the characteristics of vegetative growth and the characteristics of total yield and plant yield compared with the Dutch or French variety. Give the lowest values for these traits.</em></p> 2024-06-27T17:06:13+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal La Lifesci