Local Farmers’ Perceptions about Covid-19 Impact on Agriculture: Case of Selected Rural Areas in Ekiti State, Nigeria

  • Oloruntimilehin Sola Ojo Department of General Studies, Economics’ Unit, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti Nigeria
  • Oluwasanmi Oyedeji Department of General Studies, Economics’ Unit, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti Nigeria
  • Ebenezer Toyin Megbowon Department of Economics, North-West University, South Africa
Keywords: Covid-19, Shocks, Farmers, Rural Areas, Agricultural Output, Welfare

Abstract

The outbreak of the Corona virus that ravaged most parts of the globe including Nigeria had impacted all sectors in all economies. Understanding the perception of rural farmers about Covid-19 pandemic impacts on agricultural activities becomes imperative as it will help local government authorities identify possible vulnerabilities and prioritize interventions. This study therefore seeks 1) to know farmer perceptions of the probable impacts of Covid-19 pandemic on agricultural production process of rural farmers and 2) to examine if this perception varies by the population subgroups of farmers? Using selected rural areas in five local government areas in Ekiti state as case study, primary data obtained through the administered questionnaire were analysed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. Results indicated that the two most potential and identified possible vulnerabilities are agricultural output and access to finance, and income with respect to production process and welfare, respectively. ANOVA results indicated that both age and gender are not statistically significant at 5 percent in explaining perceived impact of covid-19 on agricultural output likewise others such as educational attainment, years of farming experience and marital status. Hence, none of the levels in each of the chosen categorical variables is found to be statistically different from the other ones in impacting agricultural production. It is therefore recommended that government policies aimed at stimulating agricultural production should not be gender bias and age driven. Similarly, other factors such as years of farming experience, educational attainment and marital status should be de-emphasized when initiating such policies.

Author Biography

Oluwasanmi Oyedeji, Department of General Studies, Economics’ Unit, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti Nigeria

He is a Lecturer I in the Department of General Studies, Economics Unit, at Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti. The research article is co-authored with him.

References

Anyasi, C., Ajah, J., & Idu, E. (2020): Small Scale Farmers’ Access to Farm Inputs in the North Central Zone, Nigeria. Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science, 8(8).

Ayansina, A., & Maren, R (2020): Covid-19 and Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications of Lockdown during Agricultural Planting Seasons. Nature Partner Journal, Science of Food.

Blanton, B. (2017): The Importance of Transportation to Agriculture. United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, D.C.

Dionysis, B., Lefteris, B., Maris, L., Vasso, M., Simeon, P., & Claus, G. (2020): Agricultural Workforce Crises in Light of the Covid-19 Pandemic. www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability.

Esther, M., Evans, S., Henry, O., Ademola, O., & Romanus, O. (2021): Male and Female Employment in Agriculture and Agricultural Productivity Under Varying Technologies: Case of Paddy Growers in Indiaa. Paltasingh and Goyari Agricultural and Food Economics Journal, 6(7).https://doi.org/10.1186/s40100-018-0101-9.

Farayibi, A., & Asongu, S. (2020): The Economic Consequences of the Covid-19 Pandemic in Nigeria. AGDI Working Paper No wp/201042, African Governance and Development Institute (AGDI), Yaounde.

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, (2020): Understanding the Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Food Security in Africa.

Food and Agriculture Organisation. Q & A: Covid-19 Pandemic- Impact on Food and Agriculture.

Grace, G (2020): Assessing the Impact of Covid-19 on Africa’s Economic development. United Nations on Trade and Development.

Javan., Evans, B., & Anakalo, S (2015): Influence of Gender on Age, Marital Status and Farm size on Coffee Production: A case of Kisii County, Kenya. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology, 5(3).

John, H & Johnny, M (2014): The Role of Farming Experience on the Adoption of Agricultural Technologies: Evidence from Smallholder Farmers in Uganda. The Journal of Development Studies, 5(5).

Kwaw, A., Hyacinth, E., Victor, O., Karl, P., & James, T. (2020): Impacts of Covid-19 on Food Systems and Poverty in Nigeria. Journal of Advances in Food Security and Sustainability, Vol. 5.

Marina, R. (2015): Financing for Agriculture: How to boost Opportunities in Developing Countries. International Institute for Sustainable Development. Investment in Agriculture Policy Brief, vol. 3.

Oluwatosin, O (2013): Farmers Perception of the Effect of Aging on their Agricultural Activities in Ondo-State, Nigeria. The Belogradchik Journal for Local History, Cultural Heritage and Folk Studies, 4(3).

Padam, B., Mukti, R., Aasish, G., Samiksha, P., Chiran, K., Nisha, B.,& Shila, B. (2020): Covid-19 and Its Global Impacts on Food and Agriculture. Journal of Biology and Today’s World, 9(5).

Sena, A., Seth, A., Karl, P., & James, T (2020): The Economic Costs of Covid-19 in Sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from a Simulation Exercise for Ghana. The European Journal of Development Research.,32: 1353-1378.

Memon, S. U. R., Pawase, V. R., Pavase, T. R., & Soomro, M. A. (2021). Investigation of COVID-19 impact on the food and beverages industry: China and India perspective. Foods, 10(5), 1069.

Tessema, U (2015): The Determinants of Agricultural Productivity and Rural Household Income in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Economics, 14(2).

Tunde, A. & Adeniyi, E. (2012): Impact of Road Transport on Agricultural Development: A Nigerian Example. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management, 5(3).

Published
2022-06-20
How to Cite
Ojo, O. S., Oyedeji, O., & Megbowon, E. T. (2022). Local Farmers’ Perceptions about Covid-19 Impact on Agriculture: Case of Selected Rural Areas in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal La Sociale, 3(3), 117-127. https://doi.org/10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v3i3.646