Influence of Professional Career Development and Teamwork on Employee Job Satisfaction: Evidence From Private Universities in Nigeria

  • Adani Nnenne Ifechi Department of Entrepreneurial Studies, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria
  • Ifeanyi E. Nuel Okoli Department of Entrepreneurial Studies, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria
  • Kanayo Chike Nwosu Department of Marketing, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria
Keywords: Professional Career, Development, Teamwork, Job Satisfaction, Social Exchange Theory, Private University


The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of professional career development and teamwork on job satisfaction among lecturers in selected private universities in Nigeria. Social exchange theory was used to establish the theoretical framework of this study. The study adopted descriptive survey research design to establish the relationship between professional career development, teamwork and job satisfaction. Structured questionnaire was distributed to 428 respondents in six selected private universities in Nigeria. The reliability of the measuring instrument was tested using Cronbach Alpha. Hypothesis one was tested using correlation analysis and regression analysis were employed for testing of hypotheses two, three and four. The result of the analysis showed that there is a statistical influence between the three constructs professional career development, teamwork and job satisfaction of private university lecturers in Nigeria. The research concludes that professional career development and teamwork exert different levels of influence on private university lecturers’ job satisfaction and that teamwork exerts greater level of influence on lecturers’ job satisfaction. Hence it was suggested that management of private universities should promote the establishment of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research teams and centres in order to blend the experience of academics. Also, private universities should make annual plans to sponsor or subsidize conferences, seminars and workshop expenses of lecturers in order to encourage frequent participation in academic events so as to sustain the lecturer’s satisfaction and commitment on the job.


Abdulla, J., Djebarni, R., & Mellahi, K. (2011). Determinants of job satisfaction in the UAE. Personnel Review, 40(1), 126–146.

Acker, G.M. (2004). The Effect of Organizational Conditions (Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity, Opportunities for Professional Development, and Social Support) on Job Satisfaction and Intention to Leave Among Social Workers in Mental Health Care. Community Mental Health Journal, 40(1):65-74.

Adeniji, A.A., (2011). Organizational Climate and Job Satisfaction among Academic Staff in Some Selected Private Universities in Southwest Nigeria. Published PhD. Thesis, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State.

Adhikari, P.R. (2020). Impact of Teamwork on Organizational Productivity in Nepalese Commercial Banks. Management Dynamics, 23(2), 75-84. Doi:

Agba, A. M. O, Nkpoyen, F., & Ushie, E. M. (2010). Career development and employee commitment in industrial organisations in Calabar, Nigeria. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1(2), 105-114.

Agwu, M.O. (2015). Teamwork and Employee Performance in the Bonny Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas Plant. Strategic Management Quarterly, 3(4), 39-60. DOI: 10.15640/smq.v3n4a3.

Ahmad, I. & Manzoor, S.R. (2017). Effect of Teamwork, Employee Empowerment and Training on Employee Performance. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(11), 380-394. DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i11/3472.

Al Salman, W. & Hassan, Z. (2016). Impact of Effective Teamwork on Employee Performance. International Journal of Accounting & Business Management, 4(1), 76-85. DOI: 10.24924/ijabm/2016.04/v4.iss1/76.85.

Assie-Lumumba, N. (2005). Higher Education in Africa: Crises, Reforms and Transformation. Senegal: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODSERIA).

Bai, J. & Liu, J.P. (2018). A Study on the Influence of Career Growth on Work Engagement among New Generation Employees. Open Journal of Business and Management, 6, 300-317.

Bell, S.T. (2007). Deep-Level Composition Variable as Predictors of Team Performance: Meta- Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92:595-615.

Blau, P. M. (1964). Exchange and Power in Social Life. New York: Wiley.

Chamundeswari, S., (2013). Job satisfaction and performance of school teachers, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(5), 420-428.

Chen, T.Y, Chang, P.L, & Yeh, C.W (2004). An investigation of career development programs, job satisfaction, professional development and productivity: The case of Taiwan. Human Resource Development International, 7(4):441-463.

Cheng, E.W.L., & Ho, D.C.K. (2001). Research note: A review of transfer of training studies in the past decade. Personnel Review, 30:102-118.

City, D.Q. (2017). “Job satisfaction level of k to 12 teachers utilizing multiple statistical tools,” Asia Pacific Journal of Contemporary Education and Communication Technology, 3(1), 1-11.

Cropanzano, R., & Mitchell, M. (2005). Social Exchange Theory: An Interdisciplinary Review. Journal of Management, 31(6), 874-900.

Cropanzano, R., Anthony, E. L., Daniels, S. R., & Hall, A. V. (2017). Social exchange theory: A critical review with theoretical remedies. Academy of Management Annals, 11(1), 479–516.

Daft, L. Richard. (2012). “New Era of Management”. International Edition, South –Western, Cengange Learning.

Dash, M., Banerjee, D. & Mitra, M. (2014). Teamwork and its effect on employees job satisfaction and performance evidence from hotels in Eastern India. International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management and Applied Science, 3(4), 153-159.

Eskandari, H. & Mirakbari, A. (2019). Examining the Effect of Empowerment, Teamwork and Training on Employee Satisfaction in the Headquarters of the Tehran Social Security Organization. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 9(4), 148-164.

Fauziah, N., Safiah, O., Syakirarohan, S., & Shukriah, I. (2010). Organizational Climate and Its Influence on Organizational Commitment. International Business & Economics Research Journal, 9(2), 1-9.

Greenberg, J., & Baron, R.A., (2003). Behaviour in Organizations. 8th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Hee, O.C., Shi, C.H, Kowang, T.O., Fei, G.C., & Ping L.L. (2020). Factors influencing job satisfaction among academic staffs, International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 9(2), 285-291.

Ho, R. (2006). Handbook of univariate and multivariate data analysis and interpretation with SPSS. New York: Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Hodgson, G.M. (2006). What Are Institutions? Journal of Economic Issues; 40: (1).

Hoegel, M., & Gemuende, H.G., (2001). Teamwork quality and the success of innovative projects: A theoretical concept and empirical evidence. Organization Science, 12(4):435-449.

Indawati, E., Mursito, B. & Aryati, I. (2022). Employee Performance Is Viewed From Self-Efficacy, Teamwork, Organizational Culture and Job Satisfaction: (Study at the Institute for the Development and Empowerment of Principals and Superintendents of Karanganyar Regency). International Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting Research, 6(1), 1-10.

Kakui, I.M. & Gachunga, H. (2016). Effects of Career Development on Employee Performance in the Public Sector: A Case of National Cereals and Produce Board. The Strategic Journal of Business and Change Management, 3(3), 308-324.

Linz, S. J., & Semykina, A. (2012). What Makes Workers Happy? Anticipated Rewards and Job Satisfaction. Industrial Relations, 51(4), 811–844. 232X.2012.00702.x.

Lottes, D. & Brown, D., (2008). “Western Kentucky University Staff satisfaction survey,” 2008. Retrieved on Mar 23, 2019. [Online]. Available:

Madanat, H.G., & Khasawneh, A.S. (2018). Level of Effectiveness of Human Resource Management Practices and Its Impact on Employees' Satisfaction in the Banking Sector of Jordan. Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, 22, 1-20.

Mamdani, K.F., & Minhaj, S. (2016). Effects of Motivational Incentives on Employees’ Performance : a Case Study of Banks of Karachi, Pakistan. South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law, 9(2), 32–39.

Manzoor, S.R., Ullah, H., Hussain, M., & Ahmad, Z.M. (2011). Effect of teamwork on employee performance. International Journal of Learning and Development, 1(1), 110-126.

Mark, L., & Nzulwa, J. (2018). Effect of career development programs on employee performance in kenya. a case of national hospital insurance fund. International Journal of Social Sciences and Information Technology, IV, 693-709.

Monanu, O.G, Okoli, I.E., Ezeliora, M. & Okeke P.A. (2014). Organizational Justice and Citizenship Behaviour among Academic Staff of Selected Private Universities in Southeast Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 5 (21): 12-23.

Mule, M., Rintari, D.N., & Moguche, A. (2020). Relationship Between Career Development And Employee Retention In County Government Of Meru, Kenya. African Journal of Emerging Issues, 2(9), 99-109.

Musriha, H. (2013). Influence of Teamwork, Environment on Job Satisfaction and Job Performance of the Cigarette Rollers at Clove Cigarette Factories in East Java, Indonesia. Developing Country Studies, 2(3), 32-40.

Muthumbi, D.M., & Kamau, J. (2021). Effect of career development on employee performance in Deloitte Limited, Kenya. Journal of Human Resource and Leadership, 1(1), 9-16.

Mwiti, J., Moguche, A. & Rintari, N. (2021). The Relationship between Career Advancement and Job Satisfaction among Teachers in Selected Public Secondary Schools in Igembe North, Kenya. Human Resource and Leadership Journal, 6(1), 49-64.

Nadler, D. (2007). Managing Organizations, Reading and Cases. Boston, Toronto Little, Brown and Company.

Nnabuife E.K., Okoli, I.E.N., Nwakoby, N.P., & Adani, I.N. (2021), Mentoring: The Way to Academic Excellence. Education Quarterly Reviews, 4(1), 130-140.

Okoli, I.E, Nwakoby, N.P. & Ihediwa, A.A. (2020). Organizational Climate and Affective Commitment: Evidence from Private Tertiary Institutions. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 9(3), 656-662.

Okoli, I.E. (2018). Organizational Climate and Job Satisfaction among Academic Staff: Experience from Selected Private Universities in Southeast Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Business Studies and Management, 5, (12): 36-48.

Okoli, I.E.N., Nnabuife, E.K., Adani, I.N., & Ugbo E.I. (2021), Transformational Leadership and Organizational Success: Evidence from Tertiary Institutions. Journal of Economics and Business, 4(1), 170-182.

Ratemo, V., Makhamara, F. & Bula, H. (2021). Career Development and Employee Performance in Kenya Forestry Research Institute Headquarter in Muguga, Kiambu County. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 9(4), 123-137.

Reddy, K. S., & Madhav, B. G. V. P. (2018). A Study on the Impact of Employee Satisfaction on Quality and Profitability of Organizations. UPI Journal of Business Management and Computer Applications, 1(1), 07–11.

Robbins, S.P & Coulter M., (2012). Management. 11th Edition, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc upper Saddle River.

Rose, M., (2001). Disparate measures in the workplace. Quantifying overall job satisfaction. Paper presented at the 2001 BHPS Research Conference, Colchester. Retrieved from e.pdf.

Shahabipour, F. (2015). Investigation the Relationship between Teamwork with Employees' Job Satisfaction in Technical and Vocational Schools in Yasuj City. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 5(8S), 166-177.

Thulasi, M.B. (2019). Impact of Career Development on Employee Satisfaction in Private Banking Sector in Tiruchirappall. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, 6(5), 141-148.

How to Cite
Ifechi, A. N., Okoli, I. E. N., & Nwosu, K. C. (2022). Influence of Professional Career Development and Teamwork on Employee Job Satisfaction: Evidence From Private Universities in Nigeria. Journal La Bisecoman, 3(3), 80-95.